From the Oxford American Dictionary:
- the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, esp. when considered as an academic discipline.
- a set of views and theories of a particular philosopher concerning such study or an aspect of it : a clash of rival socialist philosophies
- the study of the theoretical basis of a particular branch of knowledge or experience: the philosophy of science.
- a theory or attitude held by a person or organization that acts as a guiding principle for behavior
ORIGIN Middle English : from Old French philosophie, via Latin from Greek philosophia ‘love of wisdom.’
What is it about wisdom's depth that so pleases True Philosophers, that elicits their fascination and deep affection? One possible answer: in its aboriginal purity, Philosophy is less about categorical schemes for thinking, and more about the upwelling of thought itself, and the naked wonder of its godly appearance in the world.
If there is ever to be a scale of the philosophical, I propose the standard of astonishment. As I grow older I cannot resist becoming astonished by nearly everything I encounter. It's a thoroughly humorous predicament which has virtually no conversational traction with anyone except another apodictic philosopher.